Lighting is one of the most important factors for taking photographs of natural subjects. Unlike studio shots where you control lights and shadows, taking photos outside is a bit more complicated. Apart from not being able to control your subject, you also have to take into account the lighting elements in particular.
Of course for experienced photographers, natural light is no longer a hindrance. In fact, most photographers use light to create great effects and add color to an otherwise dull picture. So there are pictures that capture different shades of shadows or skies. This is especially true with landscape shots or those that capture flowers and other objects in the environment.
Light can have many sources. There is sunlight in the morning while there is moonlight in the evening. This is also what photographers call natural light, which is not as direct as the two mentioned earlier. Any one of these can use a source of light. The trick is to learn how to use the camera and subject to the angle you want to get the exposure.
This is often done by studying the effect of light and the shadow to suit your subject. For example, if you want a more dramatic effect, some photographers will use shadow as their main light instead of natural light.
Photographers must learn four main directions to take advantage of the light outside. For example overhead light has high contrast and harsh shadows. This is achieved when the light is directly above the subject such as when it occurs spontaneously. Using the lights on the front will give a flat shot.
This is usually seen with shots that use flash in the camera. Often, photographs shot in this direction will lack depth and dimension. Lighting, on the other hand, may require an extra fill or reflector on the back to bring out the color of the subject. Often, with the lights on the back, shadows can ruin the photo.
Shooting with light on the side is probably the most recommended when it comes in the direction as it will reveal the texture and shape of the subject that one is using. For example, with a light on the side, there will be parts that will be explained and parts that are not.